The present continuous tense (現在進行形)
In the last lesson we looked at I, we, you, they, she, he, and it. In the simple present, after using one of these words, we use the verb, for example: I ride a bike, She rides a bike etc.
In present continuous form, we do not use the verb straight after I, we, you, she, he, is, or it, we use:
I: I am, or I`m.
You/ we/ they: You are or You`re, We are or We`re, or They`re.
She/ he/ it: She is or She`s, He is or He`s, It is or It`s
So some examples of simple present are:
They run to the shop every monday.
But for present continuout, these are:
It is raining
He is swimming
They are running to the shop
If someone is not doing something right now, it is very simple to say they are not doing, by using not, for example:
It is not raining
He is not swimming
They are not running to the shop
When do we use present continuous? We use it when:
We are doing something at the time we are speaking, or when someone is doing something while we speak.
An action which is not finished, but maybe we are not doing it now, but we will continue doing it. When you go to university, maybe for one semester （学期） you study English, maybe from March until June. Maybe on April the 5th we are not at English class, but on April the 3rd and April the 8th we are, and we finish the English course in June. In this situation, we use present continuous.
If we will do something in the future, and we know the time we will do it, we also use present continuous. I will go to Australia in December. It is now April but I have bought my ticket, so I will say:
I am going to Australia in December.
What if you are going to Disneyland tomorrow? You can say:
I`m going to Disneyland tomorrow
It is very simple isn`t it!
The last example for using present continuous is for something that is changing, or in Japanese 変わり. There are some words we use with this example:
become (becoming), get (getting), grow (growing), increase (increasing).
She is becoming a young woman.
It is growing fast
Their savings are increasing.
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